kcp Documentation

Overview

kcp is a Kubernetes-like control plane focusing on:

  • A control plane for many independent, isolated “clusters” known as workspaces
  • Enabling API service providers to offer APIs centrally using multi-tenant operators
  • Easy API consumption for users in their workspaces
  • Flexible scheduling of workloads to physical clusters
  • Transparent movement of workloads among compatible physical clusters
  • Advanced deployment strategies for scenarios such as affinity/anti-affinity, geographic replication, cross-cloud replication, etc.

kcp can be a building block for SaaS service providers who need a massively multi-tenant platform to offer services to a large number of fully isolated tenants using Kubernetes-native APIs. The goal is to be useful to cloud providers as well as enterprise IT departments offering APIs within their company.

Quickstart

Prerequisites

  • kubectl
  • A Kubernetes cluster (for local testing, consider kind)

Download kcp

Visit our latest release page and download kcp and kubectl-kcp-plugin that match your operating system and architecture.

Extract kcp and kubectl-kcp-plugin and place all the files in the bin directories somewhere in your $PATH.

Start kcp

You can start kcp using this command:

kcp start

This launches kcp in the foreground. You can press ctrl-c to stop it.

To see a complete list of server options, run kcp start options.

Set your KUBECONFIG

During its startup, kcp generates a kubeconfig in .kcp/admin.kubeconfig. Use this to connect to kcp and display the version to confirm it’s working:

$ export KUBECONFIG=.kcp/admin.kubeconfig
$ kubectl version
WARNING: This version information is deprecated and will be replaced with the output from kubectl version --short.  Use --output=yaml|json to get the full version.
Client Version: version.Info{Major:"1", Minor:"24", GitVersion:"v1.24.4", GitCommit:"95ee5ab382d64cfe6c28967f36b53970b8374491", GitTreeState:"clean", BuildDate:"2022-08-17T18:46:11Z", GoVersion:"go1.19", Compiler:"gc", Platform:"darwin/amd64"}
Kustomize Version: v4.5.4
Server Version: version.Info{Major:"1", Minor:"24", GitVersion:"v1.24.3+kcp-v0.8.0", GitCommit:"41863897", GitTreeState:"clean", BuildDate:"2022-09-02T18:10:37Z", GoVersion:"go1.18.5", Compiler:"gc", Platform:"darwin/amd64"}

Configure kcp to sync to your cluster

kcp can’t run pods by itself - it needs at least one physical cluster for that. For this example, we’ll be using a local kind cluster.

Run the following command to tell kcp about the kind cluster (replace the syncer image tag as needed):

$ kubectl kcp workload sync kind --syncer-image ghcr.io/kcp-dev/kcp/syncer:v0.8.0 -o syncer-kind-main.yaml
Creating synctarget "kind"
Creating service account "kcp-syncer-kind-25coemaz"
Creating cluster role "kcp-syncer-kind-25coemaz" to give service account "kcp-syncer-kind-25coemaz"

 1. write and sync access to the synctarget "kcp-syncer-kind-25coemaz"
 2. write access to apiresourceimports.

Creating or updating cluster role binding "kcp-syncer-kind-25coemaz" to bind service account "kcp-syncer-kind-25coemaz" to cluster role "kcp-syncer-kind-25coemaz".

Wrote physical cluster manifest to syncer-kind-main.yaml for namespace "kcp-syncer-kind-25coemaz". Use

  KUBECONFIG=<pcluster-config> kubectl apply -f "syncer-kind-main.yaml"

to apply it. Use

  KUBECONFIG=<pcluster-config> kubectl get deployment -n "kcp-syncer-kind-25coemaz" kcp-syncer-kind-25coemaz

to verify the syncer pod is running.

Next, we need to install the syncer pod on our kind cluster - this is what actually syncs content from kcp to the physical cluster. Run the following command:

$ KUBECONFIG=</path/to/kind/kubeconfig> kubectl apply -f "syncer-kind-main.yaml"
namespace/kcp-syncer-kind-25coemaz created
serviceaccount/kcp-syncer-kind-25coemaz created
secret/kcp-syncer-kind-25coemaz-token created
clusterrole.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/kcp-syncer-kind-25coemaz created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/kcp-syncer-kind-25coemaz created
secret/kcp-syncer-kind-25coemaz created
deployment.apps/kcp-syncer-kind-25coemaz created

Create a deployment in kcp

Let’s create a deployment in our kcp workspace and see it get synced to our cluster:

$ kubectl create deployment --image=gcr.io/kuar-demo/kuard-amd64:blue --port=8080 kuard
deployment.apps/kuard created

Once your cluster has pulled the image and started the pod, you should be able to verify the deployment is running in kcp:

$ kubectl get deployments
NAME    READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
kuard   1/1     1            1           3s

We are still working on adding support for kubectl logs, kubectl exec, and kubectl port-forward to kcp. For the time being, you can check directly in your cluster.

kcp translates the names of namespaces in workspaces to unique names in a physical cluster. We first must get this translated name; if you’re following along, your translated name might be different.

$ KUBECONFIG=</path/to/kind/kubeconfig> kubectl get pods --all-namespaces --selector app=kuard
NAMESPACE          NAME                     READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
kcp-26zq2mc2yajx   kuard-7d49c786c5-wfpcc   1/1     Running   0          4m28s

Now we can e.g. check the pod logs:

$ KUBECONFIG=</path/to/kind/kubeconfig> kubectl --namespace kcp-26zq2mc2yajx logs deployment/kuard | head
2022/09/07 14:04:35 Starting kuard version: v0.10.0-blue
2022/09/07 14:04:35 **********************************************************************
2022/09/07 14:04:35 * WARNING: This server may expose sensitive
2022/09/07 14:04:35 * and secret information. Be careful.
2022/09/07 14:04:35 **********************************************************************
2022/09/07 14:04:35 Config:
{
  "address": ":8080",
  "debug": false,
  "debug-sitedata-dir": "./sitedata",

Next steps

Thanks for checking out our quickstart!

If you’re interested in learning more about all the features kcp has to offer, please check out our additional documentation:

  • Concepts - a high level overview of kcp concepts
  • Workspaces - a more thorough introduction on kcp’s workspaces
  • Locations & scheduling - details on kcp’s primitives that abstract over clusters
  • Syncer - information on running the kcp agent that syncs content between kcp and a physical cluster
  • kubectl plugin
  • Authorization - how kcp manages access control to workspaces and content
  • Virtual workspaces - details on kcp’s mechanism for virtual views of workspace content

Contributing

We ❤️ our contributors! If you’re interested in helping us out, please head over to our Contributing and Developer guides.

Getting in touch

There are several ways to communicate with us:

Additional references


kcp Concepts

Learn more about kcp.

CLI Reference

Reference documentation for the kcp CLI.

CRD Reference

Reference documentation for CRDs in kcp.